Announcing One New SSN Note and One New TN Note!

One New Sensor & Simulation Note and One New Theoretical Note has recently been added to the collection. Enjoy!

SSN 584, Tobias Baumgartner and Daniel Prost, Improved image processing for electromagnetic infrared thermography, 14 May 2022 

TN 369, Aleksandr I. Golubev, Anton V. Terekhin, Vladimir A. Terekhin, Egor V. Uvarov and William A. Radasky, Numerical Simulation of the Hemp Environment, 23 May 2022

The SUMMA Foundation Congratulates Bill Radasky and Dave Giri!

Dr. William A. Radasky was elected Member of the National Academy of Engineering in 2021!

Dr. David Venkata Giri is honored by the IEEE EMC Society as a recipient of the 2022 IEEE EMC Hall of Fame Award (click below to view awards)! 

Click here to view Bill Radasky's Award! Click here to view Dave Giri's Award!

Giri Appointed DL of IEEE EMC Society 2020-2021

The IEEE Electromagnetic Compatibility Society announced the appointment of Dr. DV Giri as a Distinguished Lecturer (DL) of IEEE EMC Society for two years of 2020 and 2021. The 50-year-old Society has members and chapters in nearly every country throughout the world. The SUMMA Foundation heartily congratulates "Dave" on this noteworthy accomplishment!

2019 CE Baum Memorial Medal Winners Announced!

Four winners of the Carl. E Baum Memorial Medal were announced at the ASIAEM 2019 Awards Ceremony held at The Wyndham Grand Hotel in Xi'an, China. The certificate citations that accompanied the bold, brass medals read as follows:

  • Dr. Jean P. Parmantier: For pioneering application of electromagnetic topology with the CRIPTE code for the calculation of electromagnetic response of complex systems
  • Dr. Dominique J. Serafin: For playing a leading role in developing theoretical and
    experimental programs in France and for contributions to interaction analysis and system
  • Dr. Sergey Tkachenko: For theoretical investigations of high-frequency electromagnetic
    field coupling to transmission lines in different environments
  • Prof. Yan-zhao Xie: For contributions to EMP interaction, modeling and measurement              

Best Paper Awards:

The awards process was chaired by Dr. Nicolas Mora with the support of a panel of judges. This award has been presented every 2 years (in odd years at the ASIAEM Conferences) based upon a review of nominated and self-nominated papers. Certificates from the conference organizers
were presented to the winners:

Title: EM Failures Analysis of Analogue and Digital Sensors from a Safety and Security Perspective
Authors: Chaouki Kasmi, Fahad Al Yafei
Affiliation: Directed Energy Research Center, UAE

Title: The Self-breakdown Characteristics of the Output Switch for EMP Simulator
Authors: Fan Guo, Yanzhao Xie, Wei Jia, Zhiqiang Chen, Shi He; Wei Wu, Xiaoping He, Linshen Xie
Affiliation: Xi'an Jiaotong University; Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, China

Title: Medium-Voltage Transformers under EMP-Conditions
Authors: Armin W. Kaelin, Markus Nyffeler; Carlos Romero
Affiliation: EMProtec AG; Armasuisse Science and Technology, Switzerland

With the evolving situation concerning the COVID-19 pandemic, we have decided to postpone this year's conference EuroEM 2020 in Hamburg in favor of a combined AsiaEM / EuroEM conference in 2021 in Abu Dhabi (date to be announced soon).


Last Updated July 25, 2022
Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at The University of New Mexico.

"All published Notes are approved for public release
and their distribution is unlimited."

Carl E. Baum was born in Binghamton, New York, on February 6, 1940. He received the B.S. (with honor), M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, in 1962, 1963, and 1969. He received the degree of Doktoringenieurs Ehren halber (Dr.-Ing. E.h.) (Doctor of Enginering honoris causa) from the Otto-von-Guericke-
University Magdeburg, Germany, in 2004.

He was stationed at the Air Force Research Laboratory, Directed Energy Directorate (formerly Phillips Laboratory, formerly Air Force Weapons Laboratory), Kirtland AFB, Albuquerque, NM, from 1963 to 1967 and from 1968 to 1971. From 1971-2005 he had served as a civil servant with a position as Senior Scientist at the Air Force Research Laboratory. Since 2005 he has been a distinguished research professor at the University of New Mexico, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

He has been awarded the Air Force Research and Development Award (1970), the AFSC Harold Brown Award (1990), and Air Force Research Laboratory Fellow (1996). He is editor of several interagency note series on EMP (electromagnetic pulse) and related subjects and has received (1984) the Richard R. Stoddart award of the IEEE EMC Society and (2006) the John Kraus Antenna Award of the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society.

He is a Life Fellow of the IEEE, and is recipient of the 1987 Harry Diamond Memorial Award, one of the IEEE Field Awards, with citation “for out­standing contributions to the knowledge of transient phenomena in electromagnetics,” and is recipient of the 2007 IEEE Electromagnetics Field Award with citation, “for contributions to fundamental principles and techniques in electromagnetics.”

(Kelvin Lee):
: “Carl built many, many simulators. First one called ALECS, then ARIES and then ATLAS. I think he named all these after Greek God’s names. They always start with A which stands for Air Force . . . The Air Force wanted to send him to school to learn to be an administrator or a manager. He didn’t want to do it and he didn’t want to bother with it.”

(Robert Gardner): "Carl's job was what Carl decided it was going to be. He never paid much attention to his managers. He just kind of did what he wanted to do. He had constant fights with the people, particularly over the Notes . . . I think he thought he was Mr. EMP. It's just a name I think that comes naturally. His notoriety, if you will, came out when TRESTLE was built. Certainly in the late 60s. It was such a massive structure."

(John Norgard)
: "Carl mellowed towards the end --- he was more kinder in his comments to other people. But he, then again, he would not tolerate any error and he would correct people and his corrections were amazing! His depth was so good: He just knew so much about so many things and it amazed me.”

(John H. Darrah): "Carl was always busy solving problems! He’d give a lecture to anybody about any of these problems. Usually it would start with NO! NO! NO! You don’t understand and then he’d go to the board and explain it to you. He was lecturing most of the time. He had a short receiver and a long transmitter. Because he was just brighter than everybody else. He was right. He was just plain right. You know? So when he said, no no no you don’t understand, you know: I never saw him wrong on boundary value problems in electromagnetic theory. He was always right."

(Bill Prather): “Carl was a practical person. All of his theories, his antennas, even the BLT, for example, were engineered toward applying them toward a practical problem, as opposed to a theoretical physicist who might come up with a theory that’s not practical.”

(Kelvin Lee): "Carl was a very good experimentalist. I would say he was first rate engineer. Hard to find engineers as good as Carl. He had a tremendous intuition and he always said, “Don’t box yourself in!” He always wanted new ideas . . . He would get in fights with the Colonels and so they wanted to get rid of him but they couldn’t get rid of him because he was very careful. He document everything. One time he said to me, Kelvin, I document all the conversation, everything because the people want to get rid of me.”

We would like to acknowledge the assistance of William D. Prather and Judy Johnston of the Air Force Research Laboratory, Directed Energy Directorate, for their assistance in assembling this collection.


We also would like to thank the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of New Mexico for providing the resources that have enabled us to place these notes on the World Wide Web.

Dr. Carl E. Baum has published five books: Transient Lens Synthesis: Differential Geometry in Electromagnetic Theory, Electromagnetic Symmetry, Ultra-Wideband, Short-Pulse Electromagnetics 3, Detection and Identification of Visually Obscured Targets, and Ultra-Wideband, Short-Pulse Electromagnetics 8. He is a member of Commissions A, B, & E of the U.S. National Committee of the International Union of Radio Science (URSI). He is founder and president of SUMMA Foundation which sponsors various electromagnetics related activities including scientific conferences, publications, short courses, fellowships, and awards. He has led EMP and HPE short courses at numerous locations around the globe.

(Ira Kohlberg):
"If you weren’t called “Stupid” by Carl you were a nobody . . . It wasn’t a put-down: Once he said that to you, you knew you were one of his friends . . . Carl’s human qualities were just outstanding and he wouldn’t let anybody down. He cared about people. He liked people and everybody was in his clique."

(Larry West): “Carl was too brilliant to ignore. You might resent him. You might hate him but you couldn’t ignore him. The Notes series was unique in that it was edited by the foremost electromagnetic scientist in the world: It was free and the Notes came out quickly . . . Pretty soon the Notes series were being referenced in other publications like IEEE, European publications and Asian publications. Researchers recognized the authenticity of the Notes series and its high degree of technical content and they just referenced it."

(John H. Darrah): “Carl was a nice guy. He had his oddities but he was a genius — quality guy. People like me who hire geniuses have to make sure that people leave them alone, right? Leave ‘em alone! Yeah, he’s an odd duck, but leave him alone! It’s really important that you don’t screw with him . . . It was terribly intimidating to people that couldn’t just accept that this guy was brighter than you and he had a hard time talking to you because he knew so much more about this subject than you do. It’s like taking a drink of water from a fire hose, you know: You can’t swallow fast enough."

(John Norgard):
"Music was his other passion. Not only did he play the piano very well, he composed. Mostly classical music that I remember, I don't know if he composed anything else. But he composed this Symphony music, he had this quartet/quintet that he would write for, again I don't remember the details but he was very musical and that seems to go with mathematicians, I understand that music, being very theoretical also fits the mathematicians mind very well . . . You know, he must've worn his shirts for a long time before he changed them and….I think he was a great, brilliant scientist but he wasn't quite human at times it seems. I call him “machine to man". That's how it was in my interaction with him. In the beginning he was just a research machine: All he did was research, he was so focused on that. You know, Carl might come in, the machine would come out an Interaction Note would come out of the process. But then later, as I got to work with him or interact with him more at conferences and out of the work environment I realized he was human after all. Like the football thing. Who would ever expect that he’d be a football player?"